Articles | Volume 16, issue 2
https://doi.org/10.5194/cp-16-743-2020
https://doi.org/10.5194/cp-16-743-2020
Research article
 | 
22 Apr 2020
Research article |  | 22 Apr 2020

Teleconnections and relationship between the El Niño–Southern Oscillation (ENSO) and the Southern Annular Mode (SAM) in reconstructions and models over the past millennium

Christoph Dätwyler, Martin Grosjean, Nathan J. Steiger, and Raphael Neukom

Viewed

Total article views: 4,045 (including HTML, PDF, and XML)
HTML PDF XML Total Supplement BibTeX EndNote
2,604 1,368 73 4,045 389 76 93
  • HTML: 2,604
  • PDF: 1,368
  • XML: 73
  • Total: 4,045
  • Supplement: 389
  • BibTeX: 76
  • EndNote: 93
Views and downloads (calculated since 09 Sep 2019)
Cumulative views and downloads (calculated since 09 Sep 2019)

Viewed (geographical distribution)

Total article views: 4,045 (including HTML, PDF, and XML) Thereof 3,555 with geography defined and 490 with unknown origin.
Country # Views %
  • 1
1
 
 
 
 

Cited

Latest update: 24 Feb 2024
Download
Short summary
The El Niño–Southern Oscillation (ENSO) and Southern Annular Mode (SAM) are two important modes of climate variability, strongly influencing climate across the tropics and Southern Hemisphere mid- to high latitudes. This study sheds light on their relationship over the past millennium, combining evidence from palaeoclimate proxy archives and climate models. We show that their indices were mostly negatively correlated with fluctuations likely driven by internal variability in the climate system.