Articles | Volume 16, issue 2
Research article
22 Apr 2020
Research article |  | 22 Apr 2020

Teleconnections and relationship between the El Niño–Southern Oscillation (ENSO) and the Southern Annular Mode (SAM) in reconstructions and models over the past millennium

Christoph Dätwyler, Martin Grosjean, Nathan J. Steiger, and Raphael Neukom


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ED: Publish as is (10 Feb 2020) by Elizabeth Thomas
Short summary
The El Niño–Southern Oscillation (ENSO) and Southern Annular Mode (SAM) are two important modes of climate variability, strongly influencing climate across the tropics and Southern Hemisphere mid- to high latitudes. This study sheds light on their relationship over the past millennium, combining evidence from palaeoclimate proxy archives and climate models. We show that their indices were mostly negatively correlated with fluctuations likely driven by internal variability in the climate system.