Articles | Volume 16, issue 1
Clim. Past, 16, 51–64, 2020
https://doi.org/10.5194/cp-16-51-2020
Clim. Past, 16, 51–64, 2020
https://doi.org/10.5194/cp-16-51-2020

Research article 09 Jan 2020

Research article | 09 Jan 2020

Reconstruction of the track and a simulation of the storm surge associated with the calamitous typhoon affecting the Pearl River Estuary in September 1874

Hing Yim Mok et al.

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Short summary
Using available information from historical documents, the maximum storm surge and storm tide at Hong Kong during the passage of a typhoon in 1874 were determined by reconstructing the possible typhoon track and found to be higher than all existing records since the 1883 establishment of the Hong Kong Observatory. This reveals that a more detailed frequency analysis of extreme sea levels taking the 1874 typhoon into account is essential for realistic storm surge risk assessments in Hong Kong.