Articles | Volume 13, issue 6
Research article
14 Jun 2017
Research article |  | 14 Jun 2017

A new high-resolution pollen sequence at Lake Van, Turkey: insights into penultimate interglacial–glacial climate change on vegetation history

Nadine Pickarski and Thomas Litt

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Subject: Vegetation Dynamics | Archive: Terrestrial Archives | Timescale: Millenial/D-O
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Cited articles

Altiner, Y., Söhne, W., Güney, C., Perlt, J., Wang, R., and Muzli, M.: A geodetic study of the 23 October 2011 Van, Turkey earthquake, Tectonophysics, 588, 118–134,, 2013.
Arranz-Otaegui, A., López-Sáez, J. A., Araus, J. L., Portillo, M., Balbo, A., Iriarte, E., Gourichon, L., Braemer, F., Zapata, L., and Ibáñez, J. J.: Landscape transformations at the dawn of agriculture in southern Syria (10.7–9.9 ka cal. BP): Plant-specific responses to the impact of human activities and climate change, Quaternary Sci. Rev., 158, 145–163,, 2017.
Asouti, E. and Kabukcu, C.: Holocene semi-arid oak woodlands in the Irano-Anatolian region of Southwest Asia: natural or anthropogenic?, Quaternary Sci. Rev., 90, 158–182,, 2014.
Ayalon, A., Bar-Matthews, M., and Kaufman, A.: Climatic conditions during marine oxygen isotope stage 6 in the eastern Mediterranean region from the isotopic composition of speleothems of Soreq Cave, Israel, Geology, 30, 303–306,<0303:CCDMOI>2.0.CO;2, 2002.
Bar-Matthews, M., Ayalon, A., Gilmour, M., Matthews, A., and Hawkesworth, C. J.: Sea–land oxygen isotopic relationships from planktonic foraminifera and speleothems in the Eastern Mediterranean region and their implication for paleorainfall during interglacial intervals, Geochim. Cosmochim. Ac., 67, 3181–3199,, 2003.
Short summary
We present a new detailed pollen and isotope record from Lake Van (Turkey) spanning the period from 250 to 128 ka. In contrast to SW Europe, all three terrestrial warm intervals at Lake Van are characterized by clear interglacial conditions. The largest forest expansion occurred during MIS 7c instead of MIS 7e. Our record also reveals high oscillations between 193 and 157 ka followed by low variations (157 to 131 ka) that highlighted Dansgaard–Oeschger-like events during the penultimate glacial.