Articles | Volume 13, issue 11
Clim. Past, 13, 1685–1693, 2017
Clim. Past, 13, 1685–1693, 2017
Research article
24 Nov 2017
Research article | 24 Nov 2017

Critical porosity of gas enclosure in polar firn independent of climate

Christoph Florian Schaller et al.

Related authors

Multi-tracer study of gas trapping in an East Antarctic ice core
Kévin Fourteau, Patricia Martinerie, Xavier Faïn, Christoph F. Schaller, Rebecca J. Tuckwell, Henning Löwe, Laurent Arnaud, Olivier Magand, Elizabeth R. Thomas, Johannes Freitag, Robert Mulvaney, Martin Schneebeli, and Vladimir Ya. Lipenkov
The Cryosphere, 13, 3383–3403,,, 2019
Short summary
A representative density profile of the North Greenland snowpack
Christoph Florian Schaller, Johannes Freitag, Sepp Kipfstuhl, Thomas Laepple, Hans Christian Steen-Larsen, and Olaf Eisen
The Cryosphere, 10, 1991–2002,,, 2016
Short summary

Related subject area

Subject: Greenhouse Gases | Archive: Ice Cores | Timescale: Pleistocene
A brief history of ice core science over the last 50 yr
J. Jouzel
Clim. Past, 9, 2525–2547,,, 2013

Cited articles

Augustin, L., Barbante, C., Barnes, P. R., et al.: Eight glacial cycles from an Antarctic ice core, Nature, 429, 623–628, 2004.
Bendel, V., Ueltzhöffer, K. J., Freitag, J., Kipfstuhl, S., Kuhs, W. F., Garbe, C. S., and Faria, S. H.: High-resolution variations in size, number and arrangement of air bubbles in the EPICA DML (Antarctica) ice core, J. Glaciol., 59, 972–980,, 2013.
Bender, M. L., Floch, G., Chappellaz, J., Suwa, M., Barnola, J.-M., Blunier, T., Dreyfus, G., Jouzel, J., and Parrenin, F.: Gas age-ice age differences and the chronology of the Vostok ice core, 0–100 ka, J. Geophys. Res., 111, D21115,, 2006.
Breant, C., Martinerie, P., Orsi, A., Arnaud, L., and Landais, A.: Modelling firn thickness evolution during the last deglaciation: constraints on sensitivity to temperature and impurities, Clim. Past, 13, 833–853,, 2017.
Broadbent, S. R. and Hammersley, J. M.: Percolation processes: I. Crystals and mazes, Mathematical Proceedings of the Cambridge Philosophical Society, 53, 629–641,, 1957.
Short summary
In order to interpret the paleoclimatic record stored in the air enclosed in polar ice cores, it is crucial to understand the fundamental lock-in process. In our study, we present the first extensive data set of direct firn microstructure measurements and use it to show that the critical porosity of gas enclosure is independent of the climatic site conditions (such as temperature and accumulation rate). This leads to significant changes in dating and interpretation of ice-core gas records.