Articles | Volume 19, issue 12
Research article
07 Dec 2023
Research article |  | 07 Dec 2023

Climatic signatures in early modern European grain harvest yields

Fredrik Charpentier Ljungqvist, Bo Christiansen, Jan Esper, Heli Huhtamaa, Lotta Leijonhufvud, Christian Pfister, Andrea Seim, Martin Karl Skoglund, and Peter Thejll


Interactive discussion

Status: closed

Comment types: AC – author | RC – referee | CC – community | EC – editor | CEC – chief editor | : Report abuse
  • RC1: 'Comment on cp-2022-88', Anonymous Referee #1, 09 Dec 2022
    • AC1: 'Reply on RC1', Fredrik Charpentier Ljungqvist, 19 Dec 2022
  • CC1: 'Comment on cp-2022-88', Dag Retsö, 13 Feb 2023
    • AC2: 'Reply on CC1', Fredrik Charpentier Ljungqvist, 30 Mar 2023
  • RC2: 'Comment on cp-2022-88', Anonymous Referee #2, 12 Apr 2023
    • AC3: 'Reply on RC2', Fredrik Charpentier Ljungqvist, 23 Apr 2023
  • AC4: 'Final response on cp-2022-88', Fredrik Charpentier Ljungqvist, 29 Apr 2023

Peer review completion

AR: Author's response | RR: Referee report | ED: Editor decision | EF: Editorial file upload
ED: Reconsider after major revisions (24 May 2023) by Denis-Didier Rousseau
AR by Fredrik Charpentier Ljungqvist on behalf of the Authors (10 Jul 2023)  Author's response   Author's tracked changes   Manuscript 
ED: Referee Nomination & Report Request started (25 Jul 2023) by Denis-Didier Rousseau
RR by Anonymous Referee #1 (02 Aug 2023)
RR by Anonymous Referee #2 (17 Oct 2023)
ED: Publish as is (17 Oct 2023) by Denis-Didier Rousseau
AR by Fredrik Charpentier Ljungqvist on behalf of the Authors (23 Oct 2023)
Short summary
We study the climate signal in long harvest series from across Europe between the 16th and 18th centuries. The climate–harvest yield relationship is found to be relatively weak but regionally consistent and similar in strength and sign to modern climate–harvest yield relationships. The strongest climate–harvest yield patterns are a significant summer soil moisture signal in Sweden, a winter temperature and precipitation signal in Switzerland, and spring temperature signals in Spain.