Articles | Volume 18, issue 3
Research article
04 Mar 2022
Research article |  | 04 Mar 2022

Climate variability and grain production in Scania, 1702–1911

Martin Karl Skoglund

Data sets

Estimating agricultural production in Scania, 1702–1881: User guide for the Historical Database of Scanian Agriculture and overall results ( M. Olsson and P. Svensson

An overview of the Global Historical Climatology Network monthly mean temperature data set ( J. J. Lawrimore, M. J. Menne, B. E. Gleason, C. N. Williams, D. B. Wuertz, R. S. Vose, and J. Rennie

A new daily Central England Temperature Series, 1772–1991 ( D. E. Parker, T. P. Legg, and C. K. Folland

Central England temperatures: Monthly means 1659 to 1973 ( G. Manley

Denmark – DMI Historical Climate Data Collection 1768–2018 J. Cappelen, C. Kern-Hansen, V. E. Laursen, V. P. Jørgensen, and V. B. Jørgensen

Historical monthly station observations (temperature, pressure, precipitation, sunshine duration, etc.) for Germany DWD Climate Data Center (CDC)

Öppna Data SMHI (Swedish Meteorological and Hydrological Institute),stations=all,stationid=53430

Short summary
This article finds that grain farming in historical Scania (ca. 1700–1900) was adapted to wet and cold summers, while being resilient to frost and climate variability in the spring and autumn. These relationships started to change in the late 19th century with the introduction of new grain varieties, particularly autumn grain varieties. Nonetheless, historical farmers faced a threat in common with contemporary farmers, namely summer droughts, like the summer drought of 2018.