Articles | Volume 18, issue 9
Research article
 | Highlight paper
09 Sep 2022
Research article | Highlight paper |  | 09 Sep 2022

Recession or resilience? Long-range socioeconomic consequences of the 17th century volcanic eruptions in northern Fennoscandia

Heli Huhtamaa, Markus Stoffel, and Christophe Corona


Interactive discussion

Status: closed

Comment types: AC – author | RC – referee | CC – community | EC – editor | CEC – chief editor | : Report abuse
  • RC1: 'Comment on cp-2021-147', Joseph Manning, 13 Dec 2021
    • AC1: 'Reply on RC1', Heli Huhtamaa, 15 Dec 2021
      • RC2: 'Reply on AC1', Joseph Manning, 15 Dec 2021
        • AC2: 'Reply on RC1', Heli Huhtamaa, 18 May 2022
    • AC2: 'Reply on RC1', Heli Huhtamaa, 18 May 2022
  • CC1: 'Comment on cp-2021-147', Timothy Newfield, 24 Mar 2022
    • AC3: 'Reply on CC1', Heli Huhtamaa, 18 May 2022
  • RC3: 'Comment on cp-2021-147', Katrin Kleemann, 15 Apr 2022
    • AC4: 'Reply on RC3', Heli Huhtamaa, 18 May 2022

Peer review completion

AR: Author's response | RR: Referee report | ED: Editor decision
ED: Publish subject to minor revisions (review by editor) (04 Jun 2022) by Francis Ludlow
AR by Heli Huhtamaa on behalf of the Authors (23 Jun 2022)  Author's response    Manuscript
ED: Publish subject to technical corrections (29 Jul 2022) by Francis Ludlow
AR by Heli Huhtamaa on behalf of the Authors (13 Aug 2022)  Author's response    Manuscript
Huhtamaa et al. assess the socioeconomic consequences of 17th century volcanic eruptions in Fennoscandia. They find that while all the eruptions led to poor grain harvest in the region through their climatic impact, the socioeconomic response varied. They suggest that the micro-regional socioeconomic system modulated the socioeconomic response to each eruption. Such a framework should be used to further our understanding of the impact of volcanic eruptions on societal crises.
Short summary
Tree-ring data and written sources from northern Fennoscandia reveal that large 17th century eruptions had considerable climatic, agricultural, and socioeconomic impacts far away from the eruption locations. Yet, micro-regional investigation shows that the human consequences were commonly indirect, as various factors, like agro-ecosystems, resource availability, institutions, and personal networks, dictated how the volcanic cold pulses and related crop failures materialized on a societal level.