Articles | Volume 17, issue 4
Research article
24 Aug 2021
Research article |  | 24 Aug 2021

Signals of Holocene climate transition amplified by anthropogenic land-use changes in the westerly–Indian monsoon realm

Nicole Burdanowitz, Tim Rixen, Birgit Gaye, and Kay-Christian Emeis

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Cited articles

Ait Brahim, Y., Wassenburg, J. A., Sha, L., Cruz, F. W., Deininger, M., Sifeddine, A., Bouchaou, L., Spötl, C., Edwards, R. L., and Cheng, H.: North Atlantic Ice-Rafting, Ocean and Atmospheric Circulation During the Holocene: Insights From Western Mediterranean Speleothems, Geophys. Res. Lett., 46, 7614–7623,, 2019. 
Andruleit, H., Rogalla, U., and Stäger, S.: From living communities to fossil assembages: Origin and fate of coccolithophorids in northern Arabian Sea, Micropaleontology, 50, 5–21, 2004. 
Anoop, A., Prasad, S., Krishnan, R., Naumann, R., and Dulski, P.: Intensified monsoon and spatiotemporal changes in precipitation patterns in the NW Himalaya during the early-mid Holocene, Quatern. Int., 313–314, 74–84,, 2013. 
Ansari, M. H. and Vink, A.: Vegetation history and palaeoclimate of the past 30 kyr in Pakistan as inferred from the palynology of continental margin sediments off the Indus Delta, Rev. Palaeobot. Palyno., 145, 201–216,, 2007. 
Ashok, K., Guan, Z., and Yamagata, T.: Impact of the Indian Ocean dipole on the relationship between the Indian monsoon rainfall and ENSO, Geophys. Res. Lett., 28, 4499–4502,, 2001. 
Short summary
To study the interaction of the westerlies and Indian summer monsoon (ISM) during the Holocene, we used paleoenvironmental reconstructions using a sediment core from the northeast Arabian Sea. We found a climatic transition period between 4.6 and 3 ka BP during which the ISM shifted southwards and the influence of Westerlies became prominent. Our data indicate a stronger influence of agriculture activities and enhanced soil erosion, adding to Bond event impact after this transition period.