Articles | Volume 16, issue 3
Research article
02 Jun 2020
Research article |  | 02 Jun 2020

Historical droughts in the Qing dynasty (1644–1911) of China

Kuan-Hui Elaine Lin, Pao K. Wang, Pi-Ling Pai, Yu-Shiuan Lin, and Chih-Wei Wang

Related authors

Possible impact of the 43 BCE Okmok volcanic eruption in Alaska on the climate of China as revealed in historical documents
Pao K. Wang, Elaine Kuan-Hui Lin, Yu-Shiuan Lin, Chung-Rui Lee, Ho-Jiunn Lin, Ching-Wen Chen, and Pi-Ling Pai
EGUsphere,,, 2024
Short summary
Climate indices in historical climate reconstructions: a global state of the art
David J. Nash, George C. D. Adamson, Linden Ashcroft, Martin Bauch, Chantal Camenisch, Dagomar Degroot, Joelle Gergis, Adrian Jusopović, Thomas Labbé, Kuan-Hui Elaine Lin, Sharon D. Nicholson, Qing Pei, María del Rosario Prieto, Ursula Rack, Facundo Rojas, and Sam White
Clim. Past, 17, 1273–1314,,, 2021
Short summary

Related subject area

Subject: Atmospheric Dynamics | Archive: Historical Records | Timescale: Centennial-Decadal
Technical note: An improved methodology for calculating the Southern Annular Mode index to aid consistency between climate studies
Laura Velasquez-Jimenez and Nerilie J. Abram
Clim. Past, 20, 1125–1139,,, 2024
Short summary
Reassessing long-standing meteorological records: an example using the national hottest day in Ireland
Katherine Dooley, Ciaran Kelly, Natascha Seifert, Therese Myslinski, Sophie O'Kelly, Rushna Siraj, Ciara Crosby, Jack Kevin Dunne, Kate McCauley, James Donoghue, Eoin Gaddren, Daniel Conway, Jordan Cooney, Niamh McCarthy, Eoin Cullen, Simon Noone, Conor Murphy, and Peter Thorne
Clim. Past, 19, 1–22,,, 2023
Short summary
Extreme historical droughts and floods in the Hanjiang River Basin, China, since 1426
Xiaodan Zhang, Guoyu Ren, Yuda Yang, He Bing, Zhixin Hao, and Panfeng Zhang
Clim. Past, 18, 1775–1796,,, 2022
Short summary
Influence of warming and atmospheric circulation changes on multidecadal European flood variability
Stefan Brönnimann, Peter Stucki, Jörg Franke, Veronika Valler, Yuri Brugnara, Ralf Hand, Laura C. Slivinski, Gilbert P. Compo, Prashant D. Sardeshmukh, Michel Lang, and Bettina Schaefli
Clim. Past, 18, 919–933,,, 2022
Short summary
Assimilating monthly precipitation data in a paleoclimate data assimilation framework
Veronika Valler, Yuri Brugnara, Jörg Franke, and Stefan Brönnimann
Clim. Past, 16, 1309–1323,,, 2020
Short summary

Cited articles

Barriendos, M.: Climatic variations in the Iberian Peninsula during the late Maunder Minimum (AD 1675–1715): an analysis of data from rogation ceremonies, Holocene, 7, 105–111,, 1997. 
Brázdil, R., Pfister, C., Wanner, H., Storch, H. V., and Luterbacher J.: Historical climatology in Europe – the state of the art, Clim. Change, 70, 363–430,, 2005. 
Brázdil, R., Dobrovolný, P., Trnka, M., Büntgen, U., Řezníčková, L., Kotyza, O., Valášek, H., and Štěpánek, P.: Documentary and instrumental-based drought indices for the Czech Lands back to AD 1501, Clim. Res., 70, 103–117,, 2016. 
Brázdil, R., Kiss, A., Luterbacher, J., Nash, D. J., and Řezníčková, L.: Documentary data and the study of past droughts: a global state of the art, Clim. Past, 14, 1915–1960,, 2018. 
Brázdil, R., Dobrovolný, P., Trnka, M., Řezníčková, L., Dolák, L., and Kotyza, O.: Extreme droughts and human responses to them: the Czech Lands in the pre-instrumental period, Clim. Past, 15, 1–24,, 2019. 
Short summary
This study reconstructs drought chronologies of the Qing dynasty (1644–1911) based on Chinese documentary records from the REACHES database. In addition to drought records, ecological and societal records are also retrieved. Tests are performed to cross-check data and time series. Six severe drought periods are identified, and spatial patterns are revealed through multivariable analysis. Drought consequence networks are built highlighting human intervention affecting famine and social turmoil.