Articles | Volume 16, issue 6
Clim. Past, 16, 2343–2358, 2020

Special issue: Droughts over centuries: what can documentary evidence tell...

Clim. Past, 16, 2343–2358, 2020

Research article 25 Nov 2020

Research article | 25 Nov 2020

A prequel to the Dantean Anomaly: the precipitation seesaw and droughts of 1302 to 1307 in Europe

Martin Bauch et al.

Related authors

Central Europe, 1531–1540 CE: The driest summer decade of the past five centuries?
Rudolf Brázdil, Petr Dobrovolný, Martin Bauch, Chantal Camenisch, Andrea Kiss, Oldřich Kotyza, Piotr Oliński, and Ladislava Řezníčková
Clim. Past, 16, 2125–2151,,, 2020
Short summary

Related subject area

Subject: Teleconnections | Archive: Historical Records | Timescale: Holocene
Climate change and the demise of Minoan civilization
A. A. Tsonis, K. L. Swanson, G. Sugihara, and P. A. Tsonis
Clim. Past, 6, 525–530,,, 2010

Cited articles

Alexandre, P.: Le climat en Europe au Moyen Age: Contribution à l'histoire des variations climatiques de 1000 à 1425, d'après les sources narratives de l'Europe occidentale, Recherches d'histoire et de sciences sociales 24, Éditions de l'école des hautes études en sciences sociales, Paris, France, 1987 (in French). 
Andres, H. J. and Peltier, W. R.: Regional Influences of Natural External Forcings on the Transition from the Medieval Climate Anomaly to the Little Ice Age, J. Clim., 29, 5779–5800,, 2016. 
ASS CG 62: Archivio di Stato di Siena – Consiglio Generale – Deliberazioni: vol. 62 (1302 dicembre 7–1303 giugno 29) (in Latin). 
Banchi, L.: I porti della Maremma senese durante la repubblica. Narrazione storica con documenti inediti, Leo S. Olschki, Firenze, Italy, 1871 (in Italian). 
Bargagli Petrucci, F.: Le Fonti di Siena e il loro acquedotti. Note storiche dalle origini fino al MDLV, vol. 2, documenti, Leo Olschki, Siena, Italy, 1906 (in Italian). 
Short summary
The onset of Little Ice Age cooling around 1310 CE was preceded in Europe by a series of droughts in the first decade of the 14th century that were uniquely severe in the period 1200–1400. Based mainly on information from chronicles and other historical texts, we reconstructed the socioeconomic and cultural impact of these events but also a seesaw pattern of multiannual droughts in the Mediterranean and Europe north of the Alps that has remarkable resemblances to the 2018–2019 dry period.