Articles | Volume 14, issue 10
Clim. Past, 14, 1487–1497, 2018
Clim. Past, 14, 1487–1497, 2018

Research article 19 Oct 2018

Research article | 19 Oct 2018

Vulnerability, resilience and adaptation of societies during major extreme storms during the Little Ice Age

Emmanuelle Athimon and Mohamed Maanan

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Cited articles

Athimon, E., Maanan, M., Sauzeau, Th., and Sarrazin J.-L.: Vulnérabilité et adaptation des sociétés littorales aux aléas météo-marins entre Guérande et l'île de Ré, France (XIVe–XVIIIe siècles), Vertigo, 16,, 2016. 
Bailey M.: Per impetum maris: natural disaster and economic decline in eastern England, 1275–1350, in: Before the Black Death, Studies in the “crisis” of the early fourteenth century, edited by: Campbell, B., Manchester-New-York, 184–208, 1991. 
Barriendos Vallve, M. and Martin-Vide, J.: Secular climatic oscillations as indicated by catastrophic floods in the Spanish Mediterranean coastal area (14th–19th centuries), Climatic Change, 38, 473–491, 1998. 
Bordeaux, Cl.: Moi, Claude Bordeaux: journal d'un bourgeois de Rennes au 17e siècle, published by: Isbled B., éd. Apogée, Rennes, 1992. 
Bowden K. F.: Storm surges in the North Sea, Weather, 8, 82–84, 1953. 
Short summary
This paper reviews thousands of French historical documents. They show a record of extreme storms and sea floods. The results show periods of increasing and decreasing storm frequency over a long time. Furthermore, coastal hazards have forced societies to adapt and develop specific coping strategies. This paper analyses responses of past societies to these hazards. Thus, useful ideas may be (re)discovered by today’s societies to enable us to adapt and be resilient.