Articles | Volume 13, issue 3
Research article
29 Mar 2017
Research article |  | 29 Mar 2017

Was the Little Ice Age more or less El Niño-like than the Medieval Climate Anomaly? Evidence from hydrological and temperature proxy data

Lilo M. K. Henke, F. Hugo Lambert, and Dan J. Charman


Total article views: 4,263 (including HTML, PDF, and XML)
HTML PDF XML Total BibTeX EndNote
2,448 1,607 208 4,263 150 188
  • HTML: 2,448
  • PDF: 1,607
  • XML: 208
  • Total: 4,263
  • BibTeX: 150
  • EndNote: 188
Views and downloads (calculated since 26 Nov 2015)
Cumulative views and downloads (calculated since 26 Nov 2015)


Saved (preprint)

Discussed (final revised paper)

Latest update: 25 May 2024
Short summary
To understand future ENSO behaviour we must look at the past, but temperature and rainfall proxies (e.g. tree rings, sediment cores) appear to show different responses. We tested this by making separate multi-proxy ENSO reconstructions for precipitation and temperature and found no evidence of a disagreement between ENSO-driven changes in precipitation and temperature. While this supports our physical understanding of ENSO, the lack of good proxy data must be addressed to further explore this.