Articles | Volume 13, issue 3
Research article
29 Mar 2017
Research article |  | 29 Mar 2017

Was the Little Ice Age more or less El Niño-like than the Medieval Climate Anomaly? Evidence from hydrological and temperature proxy data

Lilo M. K. Henke, F. Hugo Lambert, and Dan J. Charman

Data sets

CMIP5 Project Data Earth System Grid-Center for Enabling Technologies (ESG-CET)

Proxy data, figshare L. M. K. Henke, F. H. Lambert, and D. J. Charman

Proxy-based reconstructions of hemispheric and global surface temperature variations over the past two millennia ( M. E. Mann, Z. Zhang, M. K. Hughes, R. S. Bradley, S. K. Miller, S. Rutherford, and F. Ni

NOAA-CIRES Twentieth Century Reanalysis (V2c): Monthly Mean Single Level (Analyses and Forecasts) NOAA/ESRL/OAR-PSD

Tropical sea surface temperatures for the past four centuries reconstructed from coral archives ( J. E. Tierney, N. J. Abram, K. J. Anchukaitis, M. N. Evans, C. Giry, K. H. Kilbourne, C. P. Saenger, H. C. Wu, and J. Zinke

Short summary
To understand future ENSO behaviour we must look at the past, but temperature and rainfall proxies (e.g. tree rings, sediment cores) appear to show different responses. We tested this by making separate multi-proxy ENSO reconstructions for precipitation and temperature and found no evidence of a disagreement between ENSO-driven changes in precipitation and temperature. While this supports our physical understanding of ENSO, the lack of good proxy data must be addressed to further explore this.