Articles | Volume 11, issue 7
Research article
29 Jul 2015
Research article |  | 29 Jul 2015

Scaling laws for perturbations in the ocean–atmosphere system following large CO2 emissions

N. Towles, P. Olson, and A. Gnanadesikan

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Cited articles

Berner, R. A. and Caldeira, K.: The need for mass balance and feedback in the geochemical carbon cycle, Geology, 25, 955–956, 1997.
Berner, R. A. and Kothavala, Z.: GEOCARB III: a revised model of atmospheric CO2 over Phanerozoic time, Am. J. Sci., 301, 182–204, 2001.
Berner, R. A., Lasaga, A. C., and Garrels, R. M.: The carbonate-silicate geochemical cycle and its effect on atmospheric carbon dioxide over the past 100 million years, Am. J. Sci., 283, 641–683, 1983.
Fabry, V. J., Seibel, B. A., Feely, R. A., and Orr, J. C.: Impacts of ocean acidification on marine fauna and ecosystem processes, ICES J. Mar. Sci., 65, 414–432, 2008.
Short summary
In this paper we find scaling relationships for perturbations to atmosphere and ocean variables from large transient CO2 emissions. We use a carbon cycle box model to calculate peak perturbations to a variety of ocean and atmosphere variables resulting from idealized emission events. As these scaling relationships depend on the physical setup, they represent a compact way of characterizing how different climates respond to large transient perturbations.