Journal cover Journal topic
Climate of the Past An interactive open-access journal of the European Geosciences Union
Journal topic

Journal metrics

IF value: 3.536
IF3.536
IF 5-year value: 3.967
IF 5-year
3.967
CiteScore value: 6.6
CiteScore
6.6
SNIP value: 1.262
SNIP1.262
IPP value: 3.90
IPP3.90
SJR value: 2.185
SJR2.185
Scimago H <br class='widget-line-break'>index value: 71
Scimago H
index
71
h5-index value: 40
h5-index40
Volume 11, issue 1
Clim. Past, 11, 105–114, 2015
https://doi.org/10.5194/cp-11-105-2015
© Author(s) 2015. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.
Clim. Past, 11, 105–114, 2015
https://doi.org/10.5194/cp-11-105-2015
© Author(s) 2015. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.

Research article 16 Jan 2015

Research article | 16 Jan 2015

Tree ring effects and ice core acidities clarify the volcanic record of the first millennium

M. G. L. Baillie and J. McAneney

Related subject area

Subject: Feedback and Forcing | Archive: Ice Cores | Timescale: Holocene
High-latitude Southern Hemisphere fire history during the mid- to late Holocene (6000–750 BP)
Dario Battistel, Natalie M. Kehrwald, Piero Zennaro, Giuseppe Pellegrino, Elena Barbaro, Roberta Zangrando, Xanthi X. Pedeli, Cristiano Varin, Andrea Spolaor, Paul T. Vallelonga, Andrea Gambaro, and Carlo Barbante
Clim. Past, 14, 871–886, https://doi.org/10.5194/cp-14-871-2018,https://doi.org/10.5194/cp-14-871-2018, 2018
Short summary
Climate variability in the subarctic area for the last 2 millennia
Marie Nicolle, Maxime Debret, Nicolas Massei, Christophe Colin, Anne deVernal, Dmitry Divine, Johannes P. Werner, Anne Hormes, Atte Korhola, and Hans W. Linderholm
Clim. Past, 14, 101–116, https://doi.org/10.5194/cp-14-101-2018,https://doi.org/10.5194/cp-14-101-2018, 2018
Short summary
An independently dated 2000-yr volcanic record from Law Dome, East Antarctica, including a new perspective on the dating of the 1450s CE eruption of Kuwae, Vanuatu
C. T. Plummer, M. A. J. Curran, T D. van Ommen, S. O. Rasmussen, A. D. Moy, T. R. Vance, H. B. Clausen, B. M. Vinther, and P. A. Mayewski
Clim. Past, 8, 1929–1940, https://doi.org/10.5194/cp-8-1929-2012,https://doi.org/10.5194/cp-8-1929-2012, 2012

Cited articles

Arjava, A.: The mystery cloud of the year 536 CE in the Mediterranean sources, Dumbarton Oaks Papers, 59, 73–94, 2005.
Baillie, M. G. L.: Dendrochronology raises questions about the nature of the AD 536 dust-veil event, The Holocene, 4, 212–217, 1994.
Baillie, M. G. L.: Proposed re-dating of the European ice core chronology by seven years prior to the 7th century AD, Geophys. Res. Lett., 35, L15813, https://doi.org/10.1029/2008GL034755, 2008.
Baillie, M. G. L.: Volcanoes, ice-cores and tree-rings: one story or two?, Antiquity, 84, 202–215, 2010.
Barbante, C., Kehrwald, N. M., Marianelli, P., Vinther, B. M., Steffensen, J. P., Cozzi, G., Hammer, C. U., Clausen, H. B., and Siggaard-Andersen, M.-L.: Greenland ice core evidence of the 79 AD Vesuvius eruption, Clim. Past, 9, 1221–1232, https://doi.org/10.5194/cp-9-1221-2013, 2013.
Publications Copernicus
Download
Short summary
Ice core acidities agree with historical volcanic eruptions and tree ring effects in recent centuries, but in the 1st millennium, ice acid dates appear offset from tree ring evidence. This offset appears real between AD 1000 and 50 BC. If correct, then current identification of Vesuvius tephra at AD 79 is erroneous, and geophysicists are working with a false volcanic record especially regarding multiple eruptions in AD 536 and 540-541, highlighting a major global hazard in proximate eruptions.
Ice core acidities agree with historical volcanic eruptions and tree ring effects in recent...
Citation