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Climate of the Past An interactive open-access journal of the European Geosciences Union
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Volume 10, issue 6
Clim. Past, 10, 2201–2213, 2014
https://doi.org/10.5194/cp-10-2201-2014
© Author(s) 2014. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.
Clim. Past, 10, 2201–2213, 2014
https://doi.org/10.5194/cp-10-2201-2014
© Author(s) 2014. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.

Research article 15 Dec 2014

Research article | 15 Dec 2014

Enhanced 20th-century heat transfer to the Arctic simulated in the context of climate variations over the last millennium

J. H. Jungclaus et al.

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Ahmed, M. and the PAGES 2k Consortium: Continental-scale temperature variability during the last two millennia, Nat. Geosci., 6, 339–346, https://doi.org/10.1038/ngeo1797, 2013.
Årthun, M., Eldevik, T., Smedsrud, L. H., Skagseth, Ø., and Ingvaldsen, R. B.: Quantifying the influence of Atlantic heat on Barents Sea ice variability and retreat, J. Climate, 25, 4736–4743, https://doi.org/10.1175/JCLI-D-11-00466.1, 2012.
Beitsch, A., Jungclaus, J. H., and Zanchettin, D.: Patterns of decadal-scale Arctic warming events in simulated climate, Clim. Dynam., 43, 1773–1789 https://doi.org/10.1007/s00382-013-2004-5, 2014.
Bengtsson, L., Semenov, V. A., and Johannessen, O. M.: The early twentieth-century warming in the Arctic – a possible explanation, J. Climate, 18, 4045–4057, https://doi.org/10.1175/1520-0442(2004)017<4045:TETWIT>2.0.CO;2, 2004.
Bjerknes, J.: Atlantic air-sea interaction, Adv. Geophys., 10, 1–82, 1964.
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Short summary
Temperature reconstructions for the Atlantic Water layer in Fram Strait have previously revealed a dramatic warming during the 20th century that is unprecedented in the last 2000 years. Our study presents results from climate model simulations over the last millennium that are able to reproduce such changes and relate them to increased oceanic heat transports to the Arctic and to a re-organization of the North Atlantic ocean circulation caused by global warming.
Temperature reconstructions for the Atlantic Water layer in Fram Strait have previously revealed...
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