Preprints
https://doi.org/10.5194/cp-2018-47
https://doi.org/10.5194/cp-2018-47
18 May 2018
 | 18 May 2018
Status: this preprint was under review for the journal CP but the revision was not accepted.

Teleconnection between the climates of the Polar Regions during the last ice age

Xiao Yang and Jose A. Rial

Abstract. Understanding the well-documented differences between Greenland and Antarctica's paleoclimate proxy time series in terms of the dynamic processes connecting the two Polar Regions would help develop a quantitative theory of polar climate teleconnections. Multiple conceptual models have been proposed to explain the polar climate time series relationship, and to extend Greenland climate records based on the much longer records from Antarctica. Here we compare the most relevant conceptual models proposed to characterize inter-polar teleconnections associated with these time series. We show that the polar synchronization model, which proposes that the climates of the Polar Regions were phase synchronized over most of the last ice age, shows better overall skill across the range of parameter space under test and provides a physical explanation of the polar teleconnection as the mutual synchronization of two nonlinear, coupled oscillators. Phase synchronization results when two or more nonlinear oscillators couple (in this case the two polar climates coupled through the ocean and atmosphere) and therein adjust their (initially different) natural rhythms to a common frequency and constant relative phase. Detailed analyses presented here show that the polar synchronization is a reliable framework to support further studies of polar climate teleconnections.

Publisher's note: Copernicus Publications remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims made in the text, published maps, institutional affiliations, or any other geographical representation in this preprint. The responsibility to include appropriate place names lies with the authors.
Xiao Yang and Jose A. Rial
 
Status: closed
Status: closed
AC: Author comment | RC: Referee comment | SC: Short comment | EC: Editor comment
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Status: closed
Status: closed
AC: Author comment | RC: Referee comment | SC: Short comment | EC: Editor comment
Printer-friendly Version - Printer-friendly version Supplement - Supplement
Xiao Yang and Jose A. Rial
Xiao Yang and Jose A. Rial

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Latest update: 20 May 2024
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Short summary
Climates of distant places are often teleconnected. One teleconnection connected climate changes in polar regions during the ice age. Conceptual models for this connection were also used to extend the shorter record. But comparing model skills in reproducing climate records is lacking. Here, we compared, both theoretically and empirically, three models. We found that model skills was controlled by the scale of temporal events targeted. Our results can guide future model application.