Dendroclimatology in Fennoscandia – from past accomplishments to future potential
- 1Regional Climate Group, Department of Earth Sciences, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden
- 2Department of Forest Ecology and Management Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Umeå, Sweden
- 3Department of Physical Geography and Quaternary Geology, Stockholm University, Stockholm, Sweden
- 4Southern Swedish Forest Research Centre, SLU, Alnarp, Sweden
- 5State Key Laboratory of Loess and Quaternary Geology, Institute of Earth Environment, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Xi´an, China
Abstract. Fennoscandia has a strong tradition in dendrochronology, and its large tracts of boreal forest make the region well suited for the development of tree-ring chronologies that extend back several thousands of years. Two of the world's longest continuous (most tree-ring chronologies are annually resolved) tree-ring width chronologies are found in northern Fennoscandia, with records from Torneträsk and Finnish Lapland covering the last ca. 7500 yr. In addition, several chronologies between coastal Norway and the interior of Finland extend back several centuries. Tree-ring data from Fennoscandia have provided important information on regional climate variability during the mid to late Holocene and have played major roles in the reconstruction of hemispheric and global temperatures. Tree-ring data from the region have also been used to reconstruct large-scale atmospheric circulation patterns, regional precipitation and drought. Such information is imperative when trying to reach better understanding of natural climate change and variability and its forcing mechanisms, and placing recent climate change within a long-term context.