Articles | Volume 15, issue 5
Clim. Past, 15, 1885–1911, 2019
https://doi.org/10.5194/cp-15-1885-2019
Clim. Past, 15, 1885–1911, 2019
https://doi.org/10.5194/cp-15-1885-2019

Research article 24 Oct 2019

Research article | 24 Oct 2019

Effects of land use and anthropogenic aerosol emissions in the Roman Empire

Anina Gilgen et al.

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Latest update: 02 Mar 2021
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Short summary
Using the global aerosol–climate model ECHAM-HAM-SALSA, the effect of humans on European climate in the Roman Empire was quantified. Both land use and novel estimates of anthropogenic aerosol emissions were considered. We conducted simulations with fixed sea-surface temperatures to gain a first impression about the anthropogenic impact. While land use effects induced a regional warming for one of the reconstructions, aerosol emissions led to a cooling associated with aerosol–cloud interactions.