Preprints
https://doi.org/10.5194/cpd-11-1407-2015
https://doi.org/10.5194/cpd-11-1407-2015
17 Apr 2015
 | 17 Apr 2015
Status: this discussion paper is a preprint. It has been under review for the journal Climate of the Past (CP). The manuscript was not accepted for further review after discussion.

Millennial-scale precipitation variability over Easter Island (South Pacific) during MIS 3: inter-hemispheric teleconnections with North Atlantic abrupt cold events

O. Margalef, I. Cacho, S. Pla-Rabes, N. Cañellas-Boltà, J. J. Pueyo, A. Sáez, L. D. Pena, B. L. Valero-Garcés, V. Rull, and S. Giralt

Abstract. Marine Isotope Stage 3 (MIS 3, 59.4–27.8 kyr BP) is characterized by the occurrence of rapid millennial-scale climate oscillations known as Dansgaard–Oeschger cycles (DO) and by abrupt cooling events in the North Atlantic known as Heinrich events. Although both the timing and dynamics of these events have been broadly explored in North Atlantic records, the response of the tropical and subtropical latitudes to these rapid climatic excursions, particularly in the Southern Hemisphere, still remains unclear. The Rano Aroi peat record (Easter Island, 27° S) provides a unique opportunity to understand atmospheric and oceanic changes in the South Pacific during these DO cycles because of its singular location, which is influenced by the South Pacific Anticyclone (SPA), the Southern Westerlies (SW), and the Intertropical Convergence Zone (ITCZ) linked to the South Pacific Convergence Zone (SPCZ). The Rano Aroi sequence records 6 major events of enhanced precipitation between 38 and 65 kyr BP. These events are compared with other hydrological records from the tropical and subtropical band supporting a coherent regional picture, with the dominance of humid conditions in Southern Hemisphere tropical band during Heinrich Stadials (HS) 5, 5a and 6 and other Stadials while dry conditions prevailed in the Northern tropics. This antiphased hydrological pattern between hemispheres has been attributed to ITCZ migration, which in turn might be associated with an eastward expansion of the SPCZ storm track, leading to an increased intensity of cyclogenic storms reaching Easter Island. Low Pacific Sea Surface Temperature (SST) gradients across the Equator were coincident with the here-defined Rano Aroi humid events and consistent with a reorganization of Southern Pacific atmospheric and oceanic circulation also at higher latitudes during Heinrich and Dansgaard–Oeschger stadials.

O. Margalef, I. Cacho, S. Pla-Rabes, N. Cañellas-Boltà, J. J. Pueyo, A. Sáez, L. D. Pena, B. L. Valero-Garcés, V. Rull, and S. Giralt
 
Status: closed
Status: closed
AC: Author comment | RC: Referee comment | SC: Short comment | EC: Editor comment
Printer-friendly Version - Printer-friendly version Supplement - Supplement
 
Status: closed
Status: closed
AC: Author comment | RC: Referee comment | SC: Short comment | EC: Editor comment
Printer-friendly Version - Printer-friendly version Supplement - Supplement
O. Margalef, I. Cacho, S. Pla-Rabes, N. Cañellas-Boltà, J. J. Pueyo, A. Sáez, L. D. Pena, B. L. Valero-Garcés, V. Rull, and S. Giralt
O. Margalef, I. Cacho, S. Pla-Rabes, N. Cañellas-Boltà, J. J. Pueyo, A. Sáez, L. D. Pena, B. L. Valero-Garcés, V. Rull, and S. Giralt

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Short summary
The Rano Aroi peat record (Easter Island, 27ºS) is characterized by six major events of enhanced precipitation between 38 and 65 kyr BP coinciding with Heinrich and Dansgaard-Oeschger (DO) Stadials. These events draw a coherent regional picture involving atmospheric and oceanic reorganization. The singular location of Easter Island, filling a gap in an area where marine records are not available, contributes to understand the mechanisms behind these global rapid climatic excursions.