Preprints
https://doi.org/10.5194/cpd-11-1519-2015
https://doi.org/10.5194/cpd-11-1519-2015

  30 Apr 2015

30 Apr 2015

Review status: this discussion paper is a preprint. It has been under review for the journal Climate of the Past (CP). The manuscript was not accepted for further review after discussion.

The historic reality of the cyclonic variability in French Antilles, 1635–2007

E. Garnier1, J. Desarthe2, and D. Moncoulon2 E. Garnier et al.
  • 1LIENSs, UMR CNRS-University of La Rochelle 17 000 La Rochelle, France
  • 2Caisse Centrale de Réassurance, 157 boulevard Haussmann 75 008, France

Abstract. Facing climate change and increasing costs of natural disasters, the exposure evolution analysis requires having a long-term knowledge of the impacts of extreme events. By associating historical and modeling approaches, we aim to build a long term chronology of natural disaster severity and damages. To highlight this new methodology, the overseas departments of French Antilles have been chosen. These territories are strongly exposed to natural disasters, particularly hurricanes. The search with historical archives made it possible to reconstruct, for the first time, the chronology and severity of hurricanes since the 17th century. During the 20th century, a significative increase in the number of cyclones has occurred after the 1950s. The analysis of a longer historical period (since the 1630s) allows us to temperate this idea by showing intensive cyclonic period in the past centuries.

E. Garnier et al.

 
Status: closed
Status: closed
AC: Author comment | RC: Referee comment | SC: Short comment | EC: Editor comment
Printer-friendly Version - Printer-friendly version Supplement - Supplement
 
Status: closed
Status: closed
AC: Author comment | RC: Referee comment | SC: Short comment | EC: Editor comment
Printer-friendly Version - Printer-friendly version Supplement - Supplement

E. Garnier et al.

E. Garnier et al.

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Short summary
Facing climate change and increasing costs of natural disasters, the exposure analysis requires having a long-term knowledge of the impacts of extreme events. The research based on historical archives made it possible to reconstruct, for the first time, the chronology and severity of hurricanes in the French Antilles since the 17th century. The analysis of a historical period highlights the variability of cyclonic activity and the interest of pluridisciplinary scientific perspectives.