Past vegetation dynamics and their role in past climate changes
Past vegetation dynamics and their role in past climate changes
Editor(s): Manuel Chevalier, Anne Dallmeyer, Ulrike Herzschuh, Thomas Hickler, S. Yoshi Maezumi, and Martin Claussen
The global vegetation distribution determines the physical properties of the land surface, such as the roughness, albedo or water conductivity, and is a key player in the terrestrial carbon cycle. Hence, the vegetation directly affects the climate on Earth. In turn, the global climate controls the large-scale spatial vegetation distribution. Biogeophysical and biogeochemical interactions between vegetation and climate have contributed to past climate changes and will affect the future. Understanding past vegetation dynamics and their role in the climate system is thus of utmost importance.

The increasing publication of large-scale syntheses of vegetation reconstructions and the steadily growing ability to perform long-term transient and sophisticated past time-slice Earth system model simulations allow for more and more detailed analyses of the large-scale vegetation transitions and their effect on climate. However, previous studies also reveal that new metrics are needed to quantitatively compare the more complex reconstructions and model results.

With this special issue, we would like to bundle reconstructions, vegetation simulations and comparison tools. We invite all papers on the broad theme of past vegetation dynamics and their interaction with climate. This includes (a) vegetation simulations of various time intervals, (b) regional to global data–model or model–model comparison studies, (c) development of data–model comparison tools and techniques, and (d) vegetation–climate dynamics inferred from compilations of regional to global vegetation records. Any other related topic (past land use or past fire dynamics) is also welcome. Data compilation products may also be considered if the compiled data are integrated and used to address specific questions about past vegetation dynamics.

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20 Feb 2024
Holocene land cover change in North America: continental trends, regional drivers, and implications for vegetation-atmosphere feedbacks
Andria Dawson, John W. Williams, Marie-José Gaillard, Simon J. Goring, Behnaz Pirzamanbein, Johan Lindstrom, R. Scott Anderson, Andrea Brunelle, David Foster, Konrad Gajewski, Dan G. Gavin, Terri Lacourse, Thomas A. Minckley, Wyatt Oswald, Bryan Shuman, and Cathy Whitlock
Clim. Past Discuss.,,, 2024
Preprint under review for CP (discussion: final response, 4 comments)
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27 Jul 2023
The challenge of comparing pollen-based quantitative vegetation reconstructions with outputs from vegetation models – a European perspective
Anne Dallmeyer, Anneli Poska, Laurent Marquer, Andrea Seim, and Marie-José Gaillard
Clim. Past, 19, 1531–1557,,, 2023
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27 Jul 2023
Did the Bronze Age deforestation of Europe affect its climate? A regional climate model study using pollen-based land cover reconstructions
Gustav Strandberg, Jie Chen, Ralph Fyfe, Erik Kjellström, Johan Lindström, Anneli Poska, Qiong Zhang, and Marie-José Gaillard
Clim. Past, 19, 1507–1530,,, 2023
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30 May 2023
Refining data–data and data–model vegetation comparisons using the Earth mover's distance (EMD)
Manuel Chevalier, Anne Dallmeyer, Nils Weitzel, Chenzhi Li, Jean-Philippe Baudouin, Ulrike Herzschuh, Xianyong Cao, and Andreas Hense
Clim. Past, 19, 1043–1060,,, 2023
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