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Climate of the Past An interactive open-access journal of the European Geosciences Union
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Preprints
https://doi.org/10.5194/cp-2020-74
© Author(s) 2020. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.
https://doi.org/10.5194/cp-2020-74
© Author(s) 2020. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

  09 Jun 2020

09 Jun 2020

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This preprint is currently under review for the journal CP.

Synthetic Weather Diaries: Concept and Application to Swiss Weather in 1816

Stefan Brönnimann Stefan Brönnimann
  • Institute of Geography, University of Bern, 3012 Bern, Switzerland

Abstract. Climate science is about to produce numerical daily weather reconstructions based on meteorological measurements for Central Europe 250 years back. Using a pilot reconstruction covering Switzerland at 2 × 2 km2 resolution for 1816, this paper presents methods to translate numerical reconstructions and derived indices into text describing daily weather and the state of vegetation. This facilitates comparison with historical sources and analyses of effects of weather on different aspects of life. The translation, termed synthetic weather diary could possibly be used to train machine learning approaches to do the reverse: reconstruct past weather from categorized text entries in diaries.

Stefan Brönnimann

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Stefan Brönnimann

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Latest update: 03 Aug 2020
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Short summary
Scientists often reconstruct climate from proxy data such as tree rings or historical documents. Here I do the reverse and produce a weather diary from historical numerical weather data. Such synthetic weather diaries may be useful for historians, e.g., to compare with other sources or to study the weather experienced during a journey or a military operation. They could also help training machine learning approaches, which then could be used to reconstruct weather from historical diaries.
Scientists often reconstruct climate from proxy data such as tree rings or historical documents....
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