21 Nov 2023
 | 21 Nov 2023
Status: this preprint is currently under review for the journal CP.

A series of climate oscillations around 8.2 ka BP revealed through multi-proxy speleothem records from North China

Pengzhen Duan, Hanying Li, Zhibang Ma, Jingyao Zhao, Xiyu Dong, Ashish Sinha, Peng Hu, Haiwei Zhang, Youfeng Ning, Guangyou Zhu, and Hai Cheng

Abstract. The 8.2 ka event has been extensively investigated as a remarkable single event, but rarely considered as a part of multi-centennial climatic evolution. Here, we present absolutely dated speleothem multi-proxy records spanning 9.0–7.9 ka BP from Beijing in North China, near the northern limit of the East Asian summer monsoon (EASM) and thus sensitive to climate change, to provide evidence for the intensified multi-decadal climatic oscillations since 8.5 ka BP. Three extreme excursions characterized by inter-decadal consecutive δ18O excursions exceeding ±1σ are identified from 8.5 ka BP in our speleothem record. The former two are characterized by enriched 18O at ~8.40 and 8.20 ka BP, respectively, suggesting a prolonged arid event which is supported by the positive trend in δ13C values, increased trace element ratios, and lower growth rate. Following the 8.2 ka event, an excessive rebound immediately emerges in our δ18O and trace element records but moderate in the δ13C, probably suggesting pluvial conditions and nonlinear response of the local ecosystem. Following two similar severe droughts at 8.40 and 8.20 ka BP, the different behavior of δ13C suggests the recovering degree of resilient ecosystem responding to different rebounded rainfall intensity. A comparison with other high-resolution records suggests that the two droughts-one pluvial patterns between 8.5 and 8.0 ka BP are of global significance instead of a regional phenomenon, which is causally linked to the slowdown and acceleration of the Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation that was further dominated by the freshwater injections in the North Atlantic.

Pengzhen Duan et al.

Status: open (until 16 Jan 2024)

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Pengzhen Duan et al.

Pengzhen Duan et al.


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Short summary
We use multiproxy speleothem records to manifest a two drought-one pluvial pattern during 8.5–8.0 ka BP. The different rebounded rainfall amount after two droughts causes different behavior of δ13C, suggesting the dominant role of rainfall threshold on the ecosystem. A comparison of different records suggests the prolonged 8.2 ka event is a globally common phenomenon rather than a regional signal. The variability of the AMOC strength is mainly responsible for these climate changes.